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Slovenska pediatrija 2019; 26: 72-76


Review article

CALCULATION OF DRUG DOSES AND THEIR ADMINISTRATION

T. Sabadin
Klinični oddelek otroške, mladostniške in razvojne nevrologije, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

K. Rauter
Klinični oddelek za otroško onkologijo in hematologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana

T. Mihelič
Služba za alergologijo, revmatologijo in klinično imunologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana

M. Čamernik
Služba za alergologijo, revmatologijo in klinično imunologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Abstract

Drug administration, dosage and dose calculation are of great importance in paediatric patients. In urgent cases, drugs that are administered intranasally, buccally or rectally are very frequently used. Their application is much easier and safer for the user. Subcutaneous infusion started to be used in the 1940s for paediatric patients to treat dehydration. It is a safe, convenient and reasonably priced method for fluid replacement and administration of some drugs. The use of subcutaneous infusion is recommended in the latest guidelines.

Key words: calculating doses, subcutaneous infusion, elas-tomer, buccal, intranasal, rectal


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