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Slovenska pediatrija 2021; 28: 183-188

https://doi.org/10.38031/slovpediatr-2021-4-01en

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Review article

NEXT-GENERATION SEQUENCING IN PEDIATRIC ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA

Klementina Črepinšek
Klinični inštitut za specialno laboratorijsko diagnostiko, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Maruša Debeljak
Klinični inštitut za specialno laboratorijsko diagnostiko, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Janez Jazbec
Klinični oddelek za hematologijo in onkologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Abstract

Genetically, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a very heterogeneous disease, but it has also been one of the most thoroughly researched diseases. Nevertheless, our knowledge of how genetic changes are interrelated in the development of leukaemia and treatment resistance is still lacking. Certain ALL subtypes still have extremely poor treatment outcomes, with up to 20% of patients experiencing a relapse, the majority of whom do not survive. New approaches in the diagnostic work-up for ALL, based on the use of next-generation sequencing methods, have provided new possibilities for expanding our understanding of the development of the disease biology, identification of new genetic subtypes, and better risk assessment. They also enable monitoring of clonal dynamics during treatment and at relapse, which opens up new prospects for better management of patients with ALL relapses. There are also attempts to use these methods for more accurate monitoring of treatment response and identification of new potential targets for more focused treatment.

Key words: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, next-generation sequencing, relapse, minimal residual disease